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We are required to audit the consolidated financial statements of the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) annually in accordance with the Chief Financial Officers Act of 1990 as amended. Our objectives were to express an opinion on the fair presentation of HUD’s consolidated financial statements and report on HUD’s internal controls over financial reporting and compliance with select provisions of applicable laws, regulations, contracts, and grant agreements. This report supplements our independent auditor’s report on the results of our audit of HUD’s consolidated financial statements for the fiscal year ending September 30, 2019.

We expressed a qualified opinion on HUD’s consolidated financial statements for fiscal year 2019 because of the significant effects of certain unresolved audit matters, which restricted our ability to obtain sufficient, appropriate evidence about HUD’s noncredit reform loans1 and other liabilities resulting from Ginnie Mae’s guaranty asset and guaranty liability. This report provides additional details on one material weakness, three significant deficiencies, and three instances of noncompliance with laws, regulations, contracts, and grant agreements. The most significant finding relates to instances in which HUD’s accounting did not always comply with Federal generally accepted accounting principles. We also identified (1) weaknesses in internal controls over financial reporting, (2) weaknesses in the financial management system and computing environment, (3) financial management governance deficiencies, and (4) three instances of noncompliance with laws and regulations. These findings occurred because of insufficient policies and procedures and limitations with HUD’s financial management systems.

Current recommendations are included after each finding, while outstanding prior-year recommendations are included in the Followup on Prior Audits section of this report. Most significant are those in which we recommend that HUD (1) improve its validation methodology for accrued grant liabilities and (2) develop, implement, and improve policies and procedures.